The Epigraphic Society
Epigraphic Society Occasional Papers
• Volume 21 • 1992
Memoriam: Robert Edward Walker 1927-1992 (2 pp) Marj Haase & Larry Works 21-p 10
a retired Geologist, died in an automobile accident in Zambia where he was on
assignment with the International Executive Service Corps. He drew the attention
of the Society to the Ogam inscriptions in Cedar Canyon (north of Rock Springs,
Wyoming –see Volume 16).
Memoriam: Vincent J. Derbes, MD, FACP, 1912-1991 (2 pp) Rene Fell 21-p 11
An MD and a retired Chief and Professor of Dermatology at Tulane Medical Center in Louisiana, Derbes drew the Society’s attention to possible Ogam inscriptions on some of the artifacts found at Poverty Point in that state.
fitting pieces together (2 pp) George F.
Carter 21-p 12
He highlights the possible presence of Japanese mythological elements in Amerindian folklore (similar depictions of badgers and rabbits for instance).
Heuristic Approach to Evaluating Epigraphic Evidence (7 pp) Jon
Polansky 21-p 14
Discusses the importance of using other disciplines to validate or invalidate epigraphic finds. It is the author’s hope that the Epigraphic Society will continue to provide a heuristic testing ground in which scholarly ideas can be discussed openly in an attempt to sort through differing proposals so that the process will move ahead dynamically.
Three Scholars Comment on Burrows Cave (3 pp) Jean Hunt, Warren W. Dexter, & Dorothy L. Hayden 21-p 20
Hunt informs as to how she decided not to publish an article by Russell Burrows
after she discovered that he lied to her. Warren Dexter writes defending the
late Warren Cook as scrupulous and truthful. [Buchanan comment: Which indeed
Cook was to the greatest degree. He could be mistaken, but he always dealt from
the top of the deck.] Dorothy Hayden, in her review of The
Mystery Cave of Many Faces by Russell Burrows and Fred Rydholm, calls the
book a hoax (it had been billed as the definitive book on Burrows Cave and its
artifacts, but it is anything but). She says that “most of the book is
irrelevant” and laced with “galloping paranoia” – one long “diatribe
of complaint about all those who have not rushed to proclaim the artifacts
genuine despite the fact that … all qualified people who tried to approach the
project with an open mind were met by general and prolonged obstruction.”
Epigraphy in Cuba (1 p) Jorge Diaz
A gentleman from Cuba informs the Society (in Spanish) concerning the possible presence of inscriptions there in Ogam, Phoenician and Libyan. They are located in the Yumuri Valley in the Matanzas region of Cuba.
Robert Logan (1 p) Maria Vodden 21-p 22
author thanks the Society for its kind letters and cards on the occasion of
Robert Logan’s 100th birthday.
Sichan Safari by Clyde Keeler (2 pp) Rene
Fell 21-p 22
This book speaks of Clyde Keeler’s 1930 quest for Apollo’s Sacred White Mice in Turkey and the Greek Islands. He had been teaching at Harvard Medical School and had received a grant to go to Turkey to collect mice –a special breed suspected of carrying a recessive white albino gene. He went through many trials and vicissitudes at the hands of ignorant, suspicious, and corrupt authorities. As a result his final report read like fiction and he had difficulty getting it published. A book you can’t put down.
Discovering Columbus by Paul H.
Chapman (2 pp) George Carter & Norman
Totten 21-p 24
An extraordinary book. It shows that Columbus was far more knowledgeable, accurate, and less lucky as a navigator than has been widely believed. It deals less with his discoveries than with the sources of his information. The book is logical, factual, and as accurate as the remaining records permit.
Columbus Was Last by Patrick Huyghe (1
p) Barry Fell 21-p 25
A readable and entertaining account of the work of several modern epigraphic scholars.
Did the Greeks Sail the Atlantic? (1 p) Victor
Kachur 21-p 26
Secret Code of the Odyssey by Gilbert Pillot (translated by Francis E.
Albert), Abelard-Schuman, New York, 1969. The author pursues his theory that
Greek mariners extended their explorations far into the Atlantic.
Cave Man (2 pp) M. Skupin 21-p 26
Mystery Cave of Many Faces by Russell Burrows and Fred Rydholm, Superior
Heartland, 1991. A tiresome book full of name-calling, recriminations, and
narratives that don’t gibe with one another.
on a Qing Period Embroidery (3 pp) Norman
Totten 21-p 28
author discusses the meanings present in symbols appearing on an 18th
century Chinese chair-cover.
the Easter Island Tablets Part 5: Maui and the Fire Goddess (10 pp) Barry
Fell 21-p 31
The author continues his series on the decipherment of the Rongorongo inscriptions. Fell reveals a masterful knowledge of Maori myths and culture.
Bricks in Paraguay (1 p) Jim Woodman
The author points out that examples of Guarani native art from 1609 exist on adobe bricks made for early Jesuit Missions. A ship drawn on one of the bricks looks very unlike Spanish or Portuguese craft and more like a Scandinavian boat. Locals claim it is evidence of Viking visits.
the Easter Island Tablets Part 6: Powers of the Tohunga (10 pp) Barry
Fell 21-p 41
author completes his series on the decipherment of the Rongorongo inscriptions.
Crosses of the Inca, Part 2 (5 pp) Walter
Stender 21-p 51
author continues his discussion (begun in volume 17) of the use of the
"square cross" (like the Red Cross symbol) by the Inca, which he
maintains was a continuance from preceding cultures. He includes a graphic of a
page from a America’s Ancient Civilizations by A. Hyatt Verrill which shows an
inscription (believed by Verrill to be Sumerian) on a stone tablet found at
Sachuayacu near Urumbamba, 150 miles north of Cuzco.
Transcription of the Ohio Decalogue Stone (16 pp) J. Huston McCulloch 21-p 56
An excellent analysis of a fascinating artifact by a careful scientist. Without remarking as to whether the artifact is a forgery or not, he states: “…a person rather fluent in Hebrew wrote the substance of the Decalogue down from memory, abridging it and paraphrasing it, but using standard square Hebrew letters, complete with terminal forms. …another person who knew the standard Hebrew alphabet, but who had very imperfect knowledge of the Hebrew language transcribed this text into the unique Ohio Decalogue alphabet, introducing a few outright orthographic errors in the process.”
Greek Kylix Reconsidered (3 pp) Luise
The design on a Laconian bowl suggests to the author the possibility of a trade connection between China and ancient Greece.
of Life and Labyrinth (16 pp) Clyde Keeler
A discussion of the cosmological beliefs of the Cuna Indians.
Man Who Found the Runestones (1 p) Albert
G. Hahn & Barry Fell 21-p 91
A photo of Walter Elliott, the discoverer of the Spirit Pond Runestones. Al Hahn has presented the Society with his collection of clippings recording the discovery and all that happened to Elliott and the stones after that.
Spirit Pond Runestones of Maine, a Proposed Dating and Tentative Translation (22
pp) Richard Nielsen 21-p 92
An exhaustive examination of the Spirit Pond Runestones. The author concludes that rather than dating to 1011, they actually date to 1401. He further states that they are the result of a well-established trade route from Western Scandinavia to Iceland, around Greenland and on to North America –one more corroboration of an extensive pre-Columbian inter-exchange with Europe.
In-depth Examination of the Spirit Pond Runestones (24 pp) Paul Chapman 21-p 114
Another scholar provides his decipherment of the Spirit Pond Runestones (excellent color photos accompany the article). Chapman attempts to show that the locale shown on the Mapstone is not Spirit Pond, but the northern tip of Newfoundland.
New Look at the Spirit Pond Runestones (27 pp) Donal B. Buchanan 21-p 138
published his first attempt at decipherment of the Spirit Pond Runestones as a
special publication of the New England Antiquities Research Association (NEARA)
in 1972: A Preliminary Translation of the Spirit Pond Runestones. This article
is his final decipherment, discussed line by line. He shows transcriptions of
the inscription, transliterations, and cognates; and makes comparisons with the
work of colleagues (Einar Haugen, Alf Mongé, Richard Nielsen, and Paul Chapman)
as well as his own earlier work. His carefully rendered graphics represent hours
of study of the originals using a magnifying glass.
Juba Remembered? (11 pp) Norman Totten
is a progress report of research on the existence of possible North African
Berber influence in the Andes, dealing with the origin of the Tiwanaku and Moche
The Yuchis, American and Asian (4 pp) Joseph B. Mahan 21-p 176
The author compares the nomenclature and cultural practices of the Amerindian and Asian Yuchis.
Sacred Cut in the Geometry of Stonehenge (8 pp) Charles F. Herberger 21-p 180
An examination of the units of measurement used in the construction of Stonehenge.
Shawnee Creek Stone of Oklahoma (5 pp) Ali
Akbar Bushiri & Gloria Farley 21-p 188
author comments on symbolic elements appearing in the inscription on the Shawnee
Creek Stone (see volume 18 of ESOP). He relates the motifs to Sumerian, backing Fell, who arrived
at a similar conclusion.
a Celtiberian Language of North America (47 pp) Barry Fell 21-p 193
Fell feels that Celts (perhaps traders?) from Portugal and Spain, who spoke a dialect of Gaelic, were present in North America between 800 BC and later Roman times. Their linguistic traces are few because they were probably absorbed into the larger Algonquin population. Non-Celtic traders (Egyptians and Libyans) later visited the same region. Fell suggests that the Amerindian Takhelne preserve a large part of the language of the original Celtiberians of New England.
around the World (15 pp) Norman Totten
The author compares depictions of dragons found in Asia, Europe, and the Americas.
Kurutile, Tilmun and Dilmun Symbols (8 pp) Ali
Akbar Bushiri 21-p 255
The author argues that the Dilmun culture existed as early as 3200 BC. He presents an analysis of pictographic and cuneiform signs found at Dilmun.
Ancient Zodiac from Inyo, California (5 pp) Barry
Fell 21-p 263
updates his research concerning the inscription complex known as INY-272
(recorded by Heizer and Baumhoff in 1962) a portion of which was reported on by
Fell in volume 8 of ESOP (Fell’s identification of the Inyo Zodiac). He has consulted
with Robert F. Heizer and with Roderick Schmidt (whose work indicates that the
whole complex needs reconsideration).
a Multicultural Petroglyph Site in Inyo County, California (9 pp) Roderick
L. Schmidt 21-p 268
Schmidt provides an excellent report on the petroglyph complex known as INY-272 in Inyo County, California, identified by Heizer and Baumhoff and heaviliy researched by Schmidt and the late Burrell Dawson.
Charts of the Marshall Islands (18 pp) K.O.
Emery 21-p 277
An explanation of the stick charts used by natives of the Marshall Islands to navigate within their archipelago.
Micmac Manuscripts (26 pp) Barry Fell
Fell returns to his decipherment of Micmac using comparison with ancient Egyptian signs, elucidating previously unread material.
Isiand Writing - The Hawaiian Connection, Part 2 (6 pp) Likeke R. McBride 21-p 321
compares the language of Hawaii with that of Easter Island, and also the shared
symbols. He finds more connection between the languages than between the
engraved symbols of the two cultures.
Four Hypothetical Mayan Star Clocks (3 pp) Milo Rea Gardner 21-p 327
report on Mayan systems for measuring time.
on the Foregoing Paper (1 p) Alban Wall
comment by Alban Wall is appended to the previous paper. He does not fully agree
with Gardner’s findings, but believes his work is important.
Transmigrations of Tanit (12 pp) Gloria
Farley 21-p 331
The author discusses the appearance of representations of Tanit in a number of ancient cultures in the Mediterranean, Africa and the Americas.
Geographical Concepts and Their Influence on Ancient Authors (3 pp) Grigory
G. Mikhailyuk 21-p 343
The author explains the Greek view of the World on the basis of their dependence on the works of Homer. Ancient maps appear to have had an East-West rather than a North-South orientation, with Eurasia as the Upper World and the Americas as the Underworld.
On the Cover
Qing Period silk and metal thread embroidery; photo by Norman Totten.
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