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Volume 16


Epigraphic Society Occasional Publications
Table of Contents, Vol. 16, 1987

The Heavener Runestone in 1963 (1 p) Photo by Robert Hill 16-p 9
Gloria Farley, with her sons Mark and Scott, is shown with the famous artifact in the State Park on Poteau Mountain, Oklahoma, in 1963

Dolmens: Who Were the Builders of America's Pre-Columbian Megaliths? (2 pp) Photos by John Imbrie, Joseph D. Germano, Malcolm D. Pearson, & Norman Totten 16-p 10
Dolmens in Ireland, Sweden, Massachusetts, and New York are described and depicted.

Forum 16-p 12

Letter: Mysterious Rock Towers (2 pp) Harry N. Martin, Vern Whipple, Mark Janzaruk 16-p 12
A report, with photos, about three towers made of stacked rocks, 8-10 feet high, located on a volcanic mound near Wellington, Nevada. A fourth tower, known to exist, was not shown.

Letter: Mysterious Medallion (1 p) Maurice Courmier 16-p 12
A report about a medallion, possibly based on Greek coinage, as well as a lead seal bearing an inscription (illustrated) and other artifacts including a possible belt buckle and a ring. All found together in Northeastern New Brunswick, Canada.

Letter: Latest Finds of Ancient Coins (1 p) Barry Fell, Victor Moseley, Beverley Moseley, & Doyle Ellis 16-p 14
A report on a coin of Micipsa (King of Numidia, 148-118 BC) found in an Indian mound in Ohio, and a coin of the Greek city of Amisos (in Asia minor, dated to c. 118-63 BC) found in Idaho.

Letter: From Idrisi -The Description of Magreb and Andalus (1 p) Fuad Raby 16-p 15
A correspondent from Valetta, Malta provides a translation from Arabic of passages dealing with Andalusian mariners who ventured (from Lisbon) far out into the Atlantic. From the description, it would appear that they achieved the Azores before being returned to the coast of Morocco.

Letter: Australian Rock Art Congress (1 p) Robert G. Bednarik 16-p 15
First Australian Rock Art Congress to be held at Darwin, 29 August to 2 September 1988.

Letter: New Israeli Language Review (1 p) ASJL, Haifa, Israel 16-p 15
Informs about the Jewish Language Review, annual publication of the Association for the Study of Jewish languages (ASJL).

Letter: CAA Conference – 1988 (1 p) Jon Driver 16-p 15
The Canadian Archaeological Association (CAA) will hold its annual meeting for 1988 at Whistler Mountain, BC (near Vancouver), 11-14 May 1988.

Letter: Old World Influence on the Cuna Culture (1 p) Clyde Keeler 16-p 16
Suggests connections between the Cuna (of the San Blas Islands of Eastern Panama), Peruvian cultures, and those of Sumeria, Egypt, Troy, Knossus, and the Indus Valley.

Letter: ISAC (1 p) Joseph Mahan 16-p 16
The Institute for the Study of American Cultures (ISAC) is described and its address is given.

An Ancient Star Map in Jersey (1 p) Lionel D. Atkinson, Barry Fell 16-p 17
Cupmarks found on a passage-grave stone known as La Hogue Bie on the Isle of Jersey may be a star map of Big Dipper.

An Ogam Stone from Connecticut (2 pp) Barry Fell 16-p 18
Fell gives his own decipherment of the inscription on a "ritual stone" (so described by James P. Whittall II) brought to David P. Barron, President of the Gungywamp Society, by Richard Eaton of Groton, Connecticut. The stone had been previously reported on (with a proposed decipherment by Donal B. Buchanan) in Volume 12, No. 1, p 19, of the Bulletin of the Early Sites Research Society (ESRS), December 1985. Buchanan suggested that it described a divination rite to reveal to a midwife the proper season for parturition. Fell suggested it was an amulet to protect against sickness and the evil eye (a notion supported by the depiction of an eye on the artifact). [The artifact, formerly in the hands of David Barron, as of 2001 was received and held for the Epigraphic Society by Donal Buchanan.]

Midwestern Epigraphic Society (1 p) Victor Moseley (Pres.), Beverley H. Moseley (Secy), & John W. Keller (Treas) 16-p 20
Describes an affiliate of the Epigraphic Society and lists its activities and officers (as above, plus William Dangler, Director of Field Operations for Ohio; John Payne, Director of Field Operations for Eastern Kentucky; and William and Marilyn Kreisle, co-Directors of Field Operations for Central Kentucky and Southern Indiana).

Epigraphic Society of Southern California (1 p) Wayne Kenaston Jr. 16-p 21
Announcement of founding of the affiliate Society with a description, activities and officers (in addition to Kenaston, Donald R. Swanson, Michael Thurman, and Randi Hawkins). Two photos of a library exhibit organized by members are shown (photos by Donald Swanson).

The Method in Deciphering and Explaining Unknown Languages (1 p) Linus Brunner 16-p 22
Discusses principles of how to get results in deciphering languages. Describes two recognized methods: combinatory and etymological. Barry Fell uses the etymological method.

Picassos of Ancient Celtberian Spain (1 p) Barry Fell 16-p 23
Line drawings of ancient Celtiberian coins which must have been almost incomprehensible to the Romans.

Detecting Fraudulent Inscriptions (1 p) Barry Fell 16-p 24
Fell states that the many artifacts from Michigan (described by Henriette Mertz in Mystic Symbol and exposed as fraudulent by James E. Talmage) and those allegedly found by Russell Burrows in Illinois ("Burrows Cave") are modern (or relatively modern) forgeries. He also mentions a forgery attempt (exposed by William McGlone and Phillip Leonard) at Los Lunas not involving the famous Decalogue Inscription, but modern additional inscriptions intended to be regarded as parallel in time to that artifact.

Ad: "To the Goddess Bianu" (1 p) MacConnection 16-p 25
Excellent photo of Warren Cook with mouse in hand as he studies epigraphy using his Macintosh computer. Describes of his (and Barry Fell’s) efforts to decipher Incan Topacus using Ogam and ancient Cypriot scripts.

A Tifinag Text at Tassili, Algeria (2 pp) Barry Fell 16-p 26
Gives Fell's translation of the text (reproduced on p. 26) which is inscribed in four vertical columns.

Stick Charts of the Marshall Islands (23 pp) K. O. Emery 16-p 28
Describes the use of stick-charts for navigation over long distances by native Marshall Islanders in sailing canoes.

Maurice Chatelain (1 p) Barry Fell 16-p 50
Photo and bio info of an Epigraphic Society supporter and author who lived in San Diego in 1987. A Frenchman, his writings had made the work of the Society known in France.

The Kensington Runestone: Part 2, Aberrant Letters (33 pp) Richard Nielsen 16-p 51
New evidence from Greenland, Iceland, and Scandinavia proves the authenticity of the Kensington Runestone.

Ancient Astrology in a Cave of West Irian, New Guinea (7 pp) Barry Fell 16-p 84
A Heptagram superimposed on a circle and surrounded in part by planetary symbols found in a cave in West Irian is related to a Greek astrological motif. Fell suggests that the makers of the pictograph may have been Egyptian or Arab-Egyptian travelers.

Roman Coin Discovered in Ohio (1 p) Victor Moseley 16-p 90
Found 8" deep on the bank of a river north of Columbus, Ohio; an Anton-inianus dated to 253-268 AD.

Oklahoma Runestones (5 pp) Paul H. Chapman 16-p 91
The author (photo and bio info given) expresses some conclusions about the Heavener, Poteau, and Shawnee runestones.

Idiographic Inscriptions at Inyo California (1 p) Roberta Smith 16-p 95
The puzzling inscriptions at Inyo reported in ESOP 15 are examined in a paper available from the author.

First American Poem in Ogam Script (2 pp) Barry Fell & Gloria Farley 16-p 96
A chant to the sun-god Mabo pleading for crop fertility.

The Merry Monks of Ireland (3 pp) Barry Fell 16-p 98
Fell reports on Ogam marginalia in the Codex Sangallensis, originally deciphered by Rudolf Thurneysen et al.

Schaghticoke Deed to New Fairfield, Connecticut (4 pp) Ida Jane Gallagher 16-p 101
Cree indian signatures to an historic deed dated 1729.

Signatures on Pennsylvania Deeds (1 p) Ellen M. Manganaro 16-p 104
Indian signatures on a Pennsylvania deed dated 1685.

Dating the Basque Inscriptions on Rocks of the Susquehanna Valley (4 pp) Barry Fell 16-p 105
Fell suggests correspondences between the symbols on the so-called "Mechanicsburg Stones" and Cree-Ojibway syllabaries. Further, he presents evidence that at least some of the stones may have been boundary markers.

Discovery Day? (1 p) Bill Ickes 16-p 108
Suggests that since so many people discovered America, Columbus Day should be replaced by Discovery Day.

Petroglyphs Excavated at Gauayanilla, Puerto Rico, Circa 1880 (1 p) Aurelio Tio 16-p 109
About 1880, Catholic priest in Puerto Rico excavated over 800 petroglyphs which he felt were similar to Chaldaic-Hebrew script.

Anglo-Saxons and Their Monetary System (15 pp) Barry Fell 16-p 110
Early coin issues of the Anglo-Saxon Kings of England were lettered in runes.

The Lewis Creek Mound – An Observation (2 pp) Angela Andrews 16-p 125
A description of a burial mound located near Verona, Virginia, including a sandstone slab marked with incised parallel lines. The mound is believed to date between 1110 and 1170 AD.

An Ogam Consaine Inscribed Stone from Lewis Creek Mound, Virginia (3 pp) Barry Fell 16-p 127
Decipherment of an incised sandstone stone slab recovered from the Lewis Creek burial mound.

Two Romano-British Inscriptions (6pp) Barry Fell 16-p 130
Clay sherd from Yorkshire and a lead lamina from London bearing inscriptions in a cursive script are deciphered by Fell.

The Swastika in Celtic Britain and North America (6 pp) Barry Fell 16-p 136
Simultaneous appearance in both areas of copper and bronze swastika ornaments at the onset of Christian era. The Swastika also appears on the Newton Stone (in Scotland) and at least one other known Ogham stone. Fell offers his decipherment of the inscription on the controversial Newton Stone.

The Tihosuco Inscription Retranslated as Spanish (4 pp) Carl H. Johannessen, Diego Gonzales, Simone Ottonello, Perry Powers, Anne Parker, Jaweed Ashraf, Barry Fell & William Loy 16-p 142
When the Tihosuco stone in Yucatan was turned upside down it was found that the inscription could be read as Medieval South Indian script.

Cabrilho's Grave Stone of 1543 Recognized and Deciphered (2pp) Barry Fell 16-p 146
Cabrilho’s gravestone found in 1901 on Santa Rosa Island, California. The stone is now in the Lowie Museum, University of California, Berkeley.

Ogam Inscription from Cimarron South Shelter (2 pp) Gloria Farley 16-p 148
One of the longest apparently Ogam inscriptions in the American Southwest contains at least two rebus drawings.

Bar Creek No. 2, Clay County, Kentucky (1 p) John Payne & Barry Fell 16-p 150
An Ogam panel 32 inches long is partially deciphered by Fell.

Celtic Rebus Figures from the Upper Mississippi Valley (3 pp) David Radloff & Barry Fell 16-p 151
Figures appearing in caves, rock shelters and fissures (recorded in Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia.. of 1889) appear to contain Ogham. Fell suggests some decipherments.

Un Drole de Micmac (6 pp) Maurice Chatelain 16-p 154
An article in French discussing Egyptian connections with Micmac.

Pre-Columbian Diffusion: New Lights and Old – The General Scene (13 pp) Paul Tesla 16-p 160
A review of Nigel Davies' Voyages to the New World (William Morrow, 1979).

What does The Spirit Pond Map Stone Say? (11 pp) Albert G. Hahn 16-p 172
Hahn sees runic cryptography on the stone and ties it to Bishop Henrikus.

Homeric Troy and the Sea Peoples (1 p) Cyclone Covey 16-p 182
Ad for Covey’s new book. He says the Achaian siege of Troy followed the fall of Ugarit, Carkemish and Khatti by a decade.

Western Epigraphic Society (1 p) Carol B. Patterson, Secy; Dan E. Rohrer, Treasurer p 182
Information on the activities and officers of an affiliate society.

The Runestones of Oklahoma (13 pp) Richard Nielsen 16-p 183
Nielsen offers his decipherment of the Heavener and Poteau inscriptions.

Nos Ancêtres Celtiques (5 pp) Maurice Chatelain 16-p 196
A discussion in French of Celts and Ogham.

San Francisco & Bay Area Epigraphic Society (1 p) Russell Swanson, Pres.; Ella Footman, Secy 16-p 200
Information on the activities and officers of an affiliate society.

The Celtic Horse Goddess on All Hallows Eve (4 pp)Gloria Farley & Jon Polansky 16-p 201
Discusses a bricren Ogam inscription under a depiction of the goddess Epona at Anubis Cave.

A Gadelic-English Dictionary (70 pp) Burrell C. Dawson 16-p 205
A dictionary of cognates of the Gadelic dialects compiled from inscriptions found in the New World (Gadelic-English section).

Tartan Ogam (6 pp) Frank McGaugh 16-p 274
The author holds that Scottish tartans hide Ogham inscriptions which show the clans' ancient names.

Fantastic Archaeology at Harvard (6 pp) George F. Carter 16-p 280
Discusses the course offered at Harvard by Prof. Stephen Williams (who refers to Carter as a Crank Personality). Carter replies to Williams’ criticisms.

British Columbia Rock Art (5 pp) Eva McCallum & Elizabeth Flood 16-p 285
Pictographs found in Southern British Columbia (sites originally recorded by John Corner – here illustrated with drawings made by the late Ken McCallum).

Nos Ancêtres Chinois (11 pp) Maurice Chatelain 16-p 290
An article in French ties certain Indian tribes to China.

Ogam Consainein County Tyrone – Castlederg Cromlech Revisited (3 pp) Barry Fell 16-p 301
Ogam on the upper surface of the "Druid’s Altar" is deciphered by Fell.

First Discovery of an Ogam Panel in Wyoming. (2 pp) Robert E. Walker 16-p 304
A rebus/ogam panel discovered in 1986 (note: the photo was erroneously printed upside down).

From the Gaelic (1 p) Barry Fell 16-p 306
Fell's translation of a lovely Celtic poem.

An Aztec Hieroglyphic Paternoster (3 pp) Barry Fell 16-p 307
A pictographic rendition of a Nahuatl paternoster, deciphered by Fell, is illustrated and discussed.

The Lamina of Alcoy – Background and Current Proposals (12 pp) Barry Fell, Alan McCone, Jon Polansky & Ernie Bloom 16-p 310
An alleged shipping contract between a Greek merchant and a skipper from Cadiz is discussed in three parts. Fell's work sheets for his decipherment of the Alcoy inscription are shown.

Inscribed Stone Artifacts from Guayanilla, Puerto Rico (1 p) Barry Fell 16-p 322
Artifacts discovered in 1880 by Father Nazario are discussed and deciphered by Fell.

On the Cover
Dolmen at North Salem, New York. Photo by Malcom Pearson.


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