The Epigraphic Society
Epigraphic Society Occasional Publications
of Contents, Vol. 15, 1986
Fell’s Ogam Decipherments Proved Correct (1 p) 15-p 9
Celtic America (1983) by William McGlone
and Phillip Leonard contains a report which validates Barry Fell’s
decipherment of Ogam inscriptions in West Virginia. On the other hand, in 1975
the National Geographic sent slides of Fell’s work on Ogam to an expert in
Britain who stated that his approach was “…unscientific. Not a single
syllable of his interpretation or translation – has any validity whatever.”
Another professor came to a similar conclusion. None approached had ever studied
Ogam Consaine. In recent years Celtic scholars in Wales and America have
supported Fell’s translations while other British professors have fallen
Letters from far and wide (29 pp)
individual letters are discussed below.
Forum: A Micmac Disaster, 1746 (1
p) A.W. Cavins
entire Indian Micmac tribe was destroyed in Nova Scotia in 1746 by using
infected blankets and other detritus left behind by a departing French naval
squadron. This revealed by an essay by one James Lind published in 1774 and
quoted by Ralph H. Major in 1932.
Forum: Oak Island Tifinag (2 pp) L.J.
suggests that, in light of recent discoveries, the Oak Island inscription,
rather than being in Libyan, might be in Irish or Old Norse. Fell agrees and
shows examples of the use of Tifinag in modern North Africa.
Forum: How Old is the Basque
Syllabary? (1 p) Alan McCone
writes on behalf of a Spanish friend, Josemaria Montesinos, a Mathematics
Professor at the University of Saragoza who makes a study of Basque inscriptions
found in Iberia. He desires photocopies and locations of Basque inscriptions
reported by Fell and support for Fell’s theory that the Basque syllabary
predates Roman times. Fell provides the information, citing publications and
Forum: Ancient Egyptian Mnemonics
(1 p) Russell B. Stafford
is writing a book on the use of mnemonic devices by Ancient Egyptians. So far he
has completed about 700 pages. He thanks Fell for the stimulus he has provided
and for his efforts. He seeks to join the Society.
Forum: Serpentine Solstice Markers
in Ohio (2 pp) M. & C. Creager
effigies (one 75 feet long and the other 150 feet long) at a 1200 BP site in
Ohio turn out to be Solstice markers. These, known as the Kern Effigies, were
excavated by John R. White of Youngstown State University. Photos are on exhibit
at the Ohio Historical Center in Columbus.
Forum: North America’s Egyptian
River Names (1 p) Bill Ainley
least two river names found in several areas of North America (Saugatuck and
Wabash), thought to be Algonquin, prove to derive from Coptic and ancient
of Petroglypghs (2 pp) Ruth Knudsen
author brings the Society’s attention to a new method of dating petroglyphs
being developed by Dr. Ronald Dorn of California. Fell refers her to a paper by
Dorn and Whitley appearing in the Annals of the Association of American
Geographers, 74 (2) pp. 308-322, 1984. The Society’s copy was provided by
Hindu Contact with Mayans (1 p) V. S. Wakankar
Indian scholar thanks Fell for the information he has provided concerning
ancient Hindu contact with the Mayan civilization. He would like to introduce it
into a museum exhibition “India’s Contribution to the World.”
Blood Types (1 p) ShupShe
author expresses his appreciation for and support of the work of Fell and the
Society. He particularly cites his interest in the work being done which shows
that blood types O and A were present in the Americas before 1500. In many ways
ShupShe feels more like a Celt than an Amerind. He signs the letter using his
native script. ShupShe is a Pottawatomie, his wife is a Cherokee, but both are
of partial Celtic extraction.
Assiniboine Comment (1 p) Alan A. Huemer
author reports that a Ken Ryan, an official in the Poplar Bureau of Indian
Affairs Office and a traditional Assiniboine has read Fell’s work. Ryan
pointed out that the Assiniboines, a division of the Sioux mostly living in
Canada, have an origin tale about transoceanic migration. The Assiniboine word
for writing, Okami, appears to match the Celtic word Ogam.
Fakery (1 p) Jay Ellis Ransom
The author comments on Fell’s
book, Saga America. He calls it “completely unscientific in every
aspect … a mish-mash of impossibilities and improbabilities … this book
comes across as idiotic.” He pushes his own book, Fossils in America
which he says contains examples of how students plant fakes for gullible
professors. He adds that “The British have a long tradition of fakery” and
cites Piltdown Man which was faked by Oxford students to be discovered by a
professor they hated.
Lamps in America (1 p) Stanley A. Long
Long cites the Roman or Italian
oil lamps discovered in Connecticut and Alabama and mentioned in Saga
America. He draws attention to an article on Italian lamps by Cleo Rickman
Fitch printed in the December 1982 issue of Scientific
– Linguists (1 p) Howard H. Hillemann
author, an Emeritus Professor of Zoology at Oregon State University, describes
his background and training, including linguistics, as paralleling that of Fell.
He congratulates Fell on “an amazing piece of work.”
Navajo Knowledge of Pacific
(1p) Bill Ainley
author encloses copies of four pages from
a Navajo biography titled Hosteen Klah
which refers to an ancient migration by the Navajo people across the North
Pacific from an ancient homeland in the West.
Tifinag Letters on Coins of the
Ancient Britons (1 p) Lionel H. Atkinson, Barry Fell
author cites the ESOP reports of Tifinag characters on stone monuments in
Ireland and on the coinage of Anglo-Saxon kings. He draws attention to the
possible existence of Tifinag letters on coins of pre-Roman Britain. He encloses
graphics (shown). Fell calls this an “important new area of epigraphic
research.” He finds that the letters are indeed Tifinag and spell Gaulish
words appropriate for the coins on which they are found.
Origin of Copper in Bronze
Artifacts (1 p) Aasmund Sandland
author, a Norwegian, was introduced to Fell’s work by his friends Alexander
Thom and his son Archibald. He finds Fell’s book, Bronze Age America, very
interesting. He sends graphics (shown) of fleets of ships depicted in Bronze Age
carvings in Norway. He also suggests that bronze tools in the Americas and in
Europe be analyzed to establish whether the origin of the copper used is
European or American.
Petroglyphs of Cattle in South
Dakota Evoke British Comment (2 pp) Gary Licking & John B. V. Jump
British cattle breeder, John B. V. Jump, suggests that cattle shown in the
Ludlow Cave petroglyph with a "double hump" are depicted just after
New Sumerian Dictionary (1 p) Robert
H. Dyson Jr.
first volume of the Pennsylvania University Museum of Archaeology’s Sumerian
Dictionary is about to go to press. It has been in production for over 25
Variant Forms and Promiscuous Uses of Runes (1 p) Barry
tables showing variant forms and pronunciations of runes.
Runic Inscription in Ludlow
Cave South Dakota (2 p) Barry Fell
letters seen among petroglyphs in Ludlow Cave: M-L-T = malta = mjalta = giving
milk or milking.
Spanish Celts Still Use Ogam (1
p) Barry Fell
reply to Glenn Isaac of Cambridge, Fell points out the use of Ogam on a
publication of the Asturian Celtic League (graphic shown).
Spanish Celts’ Ogam Heritage (1 p) Xesus
L. Pacios 15-p 22
Spanish scholar agrees that ancient Asturian Celts used Ogam script.
Columbus Celebration (1 p) Hördur
Helgason & Thor Heyerdahl
The 500th anniversary of
Columbus' voyage will be ignored by the UN because of objections by former
colonial subjects. While a great admirer of Columbus, Heyerdahl does not feel he
deserves a global celebration day over other explorers (the Norsement, for
instance, who got there many years earlier).
in the Façade? (2 pp) Eric Pawley
author Cites Goddard & Fitzhugh’s (Smithsonian) block condemnation of
Fell, then cites Smithsonian Director Lowe in rebuttal.
A Phoenician Odyssey to Canada?
(1 p) Christine Pellech
A European ethnologist lauds Bronze
Age America and cites her own book: Die
Odyssee - Eine Antike Weltumsegelung (The Odyssey – An Ancient
Circumnavigation of the World). [Buchanan
comment: Dr. Pellech went on to found an excellent quarterly publication in
1999: Migration and Diffusion.]
or Keltic (2 pp) Barry Fell
Fell elucidates the linguistic
rules that demand that the word ‘Celt’ be pronounced with a soft 'C.'
Forum: Georgia’s Ancient Visitors from the Old World (1 p) Barry Fell 15-p 25
author review's Dr. Joseph B. Mahan's publication: Columbus:
Georgia's Fall Line 'Trading Town.'
He calls it a well-written and beautifully illustrated work that will be certain
to please epigraphers. Ancient Punic coinage and inscribed rocks found in
Georgia and in the neighborhood of Columbus are illustrated and explained.
Forum: Hebrew Inscriptions in America (1 p) Cinaid Bunche 15-p 25
cites an unnamed Harvard middle eastern scholar who agrees Los Lunas is in old
Hebrew; and Stephen Williams who disputes it.
Forum: Kannada/Telegu in Mexico? (1 p) S. Venugopalacharya 15-p 25
He refers to bi-lingual
inscriptions in Mexico he believes Fell cited, but Fell replies he has no
knowledge of them.
Proto-Celtic [and Tifinag] at Lascaux (2 pp) Barry Fell
reads an inscription next to a bull's head as GH-N L-GH L = ghin
loegh lu = "calf-begetter" Old Gadelic Celtic.
Inscribed Jar from 280 Fathoms (3 pp) Weldon W. Stout, Barry Fell, British Naval Experts J. D. Brown & R.
inscribed Jar was found by a fisherman at 280 fathoms off mouth of Klamath river
in California. Drawings of the inscribed jar were sent to Fell saw an ‘RN’
in the inscription and thought it might be similar to those used on navel
containers. He contacted the Royal Naval Historical Office which could not
identify it with known Royal Navy containers, but expressed great interest in
Forum: The Megaliths of Luneburg Heath (1 p) Helmut Krock 15-p 30
author calls attention to the Hunengraber (Giant’s Graves) mounds, for most
part now gone, found in a lowland area of northern Germany.
Bahrain Subscribes (1 p) State of
Bahrain Ministry of Information
for a list of publications and an application for membership.
Forum: How Old is the Cree Syllabary? H. C. Meyer 15-p 30
author cites a Cree elder who claims the syllabary given by ancient ancestor
long before the arrival of whites.
Modern Gauls Still Use Ogam (1 p) Barry
to refute Dr. Glenn Isaac of Cambridge, Fell cites Le
Triscele, a publication by French descendants of Gauls (graphic shown).
Forum: Andean Links with Sumeria (1 p) Alberto Marini 15-p 32
author writes in Spanish, citing an article by Dr. Francisco Matas about a
Sumerian inscription in Bolivia in a previous ESOP. Fell states that further info will be made available in ESOP
A Lakota Teacher Writes (1 p) Pahizi
John Gibbons (Pahizi) claims that there is a Lakota tradition of visits by
European visitors in ancient times.
Makah Taught in School (2 pp) Howard
ancient tongue of the Olympic peninsula and Vancouver Island is to be taught in
local school on the Olympic Peninsula. Written Makah has an alphabet of 44
Written Language Before Dictionaries (1 p) Paul A. Elias
ancients had no dictionaries, therefore spelling varied.
Cherokee Tradition of Pygmies (1 p) Jerry
author cites old Cherokee tales of the Little People, called Nunnihi,
dwarves said to live in the Southern Appalachians.
Windmill Hill Amulets (3 pp) Ida
Jane Gallagher, Barry Fell
reports on artifacts in the Avebury Museum (w/pics). Fell comments on his
translation of the inscribed artifacts.
Forum: Ancient Basques in France (1 p) Frank Bourdier 15-p 36
author cites two of his papers relating to the Euskera syllabary: "The
Basque People & Mining Prospectors [in] the Copper Age" &
"Prehistory and Typonomy, Bascoid Sources in France." Fell wants him
to prepare a summary of them to be published in translation in ESOP.
Forum: An Ogam-Inscribed Atlatl-Weight from Stillwater, New York (2 pp) William H. Bunce & Barry Fell 15-p 37
writer found an artifact in a plowed field that shows marking similar to Ogam.
Fell, however, does not think artifact has anything to do with Celts since no
meaningful connection with Celtic roots can be made. It is possible that an
Amerindian language could be present but the use of an apparent ‘O’
character causes difficulty as most Ogam found in North America is consonantal
“Gaelic-Speaking Indians” in New York (1 p) Sam Rosenberg
15-pp 38, 46
author cites an account in the History of the Town of Flushing, Long Island, New York by Henry D.
Waller. Fell responds (on p 46) that our founding ancestors regarded Amerindian
and Celtic languages as mutually unintelligible just as the Greeks thought all
foreigners spoke ‘Barbarian’.
(1 p) Marge E. Landsberg
review of Materials for a Bibliography of
Translinguistic Studies a paper prepared by the Indiana University
Ancient Celtic America (1 p) William
R. McGlone & Phillip M. Leonard
is basically an ad which extols their book about recent extensive discoveries of
ancient Ogam/Gaelic inscriptions in the western United States. It tells a bit
about the contents and shows graphics of an Ogam inscription from Colorado, the
Tunnel Rock Ogam, deciphered by Fell. Rollin Gillespie wrote an appendix to
Fantastic Archaeology: Alternate Views of the Past (1 p) Barry
review of a malicious attack on Barry Fell, Norman Totten, Donal Buchanan,
George Carter, et al, issued by a
Harvard professor, Stephen Williams.
of the Gadelic Committee (5 pp) Burrell C.
Dawson, Robert T. Meyer, Proinseas Ni Chathain, Linus Brunner
report deals with remarks made by a critical Irish scholar and includes a
tabulated etymology of the vocabulary of the West Virginia inscriptions.
Tobacco in India (1 p) Jaweed Ashraf
by Dr. Jaweed Ashraf shows the use of tobacco (Hindi: tambaku)
in India 150 years before Columbus.
Arabic Numbering System on the Kensington Rune Stone (15 pp) Richard
Nielsen 15-p 47
research has uncovered facts in support of Robert Hall's opinions on the
authenticity of the runestone.
Walls of Cuzco (4 pp) Carol Patterson
is a photo essay illustrating Inca mortarless stone work.
of Links Between Ancient India and Mexico (3 pp) S.
Subramonia Iyer & K. V. Ramesh
scholars comment favorably on work by Barry Fell and Neil Steede on material
from Tihosuco and Comalcalco.
Frequency Distributions in Epigraphic Research: Possible Indic Influences on the
Tewa of New Mexico (8 pp) James Guthrie
group data can aid epigraphic research by supporting or denying Old-World/New
Warm Greetings from India (1 p) B.
Universities of India where Epigraphy is taught are requesting full runs of ESOP.
Ogam Discovery in Wyoming (1 p) Robert E.
large rock panel in Cedar Canyon, northeast of Rock Springs, Wyoming, has an
Ogam inscription: "Byanu Mother-Goddess."
Libyan Sea Captain's Amulet Excavated in Azores (1 p) Guenther
inscribed amulet has been found invoking the aid of Allah to protect and guide a
ship. The script is Old Libyan. The language is Berber-Arabic.
Lead Disk from Adams Co., Ohio (1 p) Daniel
Iberic traveler's amulet has been found with a small cache of Amerind artifacts
in a cave in Ohio.
News in Brief: Bronze Age America (1 p) Barry Fell 15-p 78
have been received that the volume is hard to obtain. Fell investigated with the
publisher and found that between 6,000 and 7,000 unsold copies held by publisher
have mysteriously disappeared. Fell received no royalties on those copies.
Cuzco Stele (1 p) Joachim G. Liehr
stele in the Cuzco museum may bear medieval Indic. Scholars in India and
Indonesia are examining photos. Details will be published in a later ESOP.
Charts of the Marshall Islands (1 p) K. O.
article, reviewing all known specimens of such charts, will appear in volume 16
Treaties and Land Grants (1 p) Ida Jane
Gallagher, Ellen M. Manganaro, & David Muga
of signatures & details of purchase prices of lands in Connecticut and
Pennsylvania obtained were obtained by Gallagher and Manganaro. They are to be
in ESOP, volume 16, together with
information on Indian stone-marking provided by Muga.
Epigraphic Society (1 p) Barry Fell
of the MES have located more Ogam panels in Kentucky. They may be published in ESOP,
Coins Discovered (1 p) Barry Fell
reports of the discovery of ancient coins: the Midwestern Epigraphic Society
reports a bronze coin from Ohio. There are also reports of two Ptolemaic coins
being found in New Zealand.
Linguistic Enigma Solved (1 p) Gerhard
‘discovery’ of a surviving stone age people, the Tasaday, on Mindanao, in
the Philippines, is determined to be a hoax.
World Contacts with America (8 pp) Norman
broad examination by the Vice President of the Epigraphic Society of the proofs
for Old World-New World contacts.
History on the Rocks (1 pp) Scott Monahan
video by Scott Monahan: History or Mystery? is available from the producer for $55. It deals
with equinoctal inscriptions found in the Oklahoma panhandle and Southeastern
of Etruscan (2 pp) Linus Brunner
backs up Fell's claim that Etruscan belongs in the Indo-European linguistic
Mythology in Traditional Pima Chants (19 pp) Barry Fell
decipherments of Chants: Noah, Icaros, Persephone, the Creation, some of Aesop's
fables. Fell comments on George Stuart's 1979 criticism.
Dividing the Seasons 1986 (1 p) Rollin W. Gillespie
author relates material from the Astronomical Almanac for 1986 to the data from Anubis Cave.
Zoolatry (4 pp) Joaquim Rodrigues dos
discussion of the Berroes (Boar-worshipping?) culture of Trás-os-Montes,
Stone Circle in Northern Quebec (1 p)
known by the late Prof. Thomas Lee in his field work, it is located in Ungava,
Northern Quebec, Canada.
Thunderbird of the Dene and Na-Dene (4
pp) Ethel Stewart
Thunderbird motif is found in both cultures and also in East Central Asia and
Sumerian Inscription of the Fuente Magna, La Paz, Bolivia (Part 2: The Third
Column) (2 pp) Alberto Marini
first part of this article appeared in volume 13 of ESOP.
It deals with a Sumerian Cuneiform inscription seen in a large bowl found in
South America. It is to be continued in a future issue.
Epigraphic Controversy (14 pp) William
McGlone & Phillip M. Leonard
authors discuss the criticism and critics of Fell and delineate their own
positions in the controversy.
Old Norse Translation of the Heavener runes (9 pp) Richard
discusses and deciphers the Heavener Runestone inscription.
Commandments in the New Mexico Desert (3 pp) Guenther
Nollau & Iuris Ultriusque
author discusses the Los Lunas Inscription. He holds that it is an authentic
inscription and not a hoax.
Years Ago (1 p) The Editors
early paper by Fell: “The Pictographic Art of the Ancient Maori of New
Zealand” (graphic shown) is discussed. It was published in 1941 in Man
by the Royal Anthropological Institute.
Decipherment of Late Iberic Part III (8 pp) Donal
author’s paper is continued from volume 14, p. 185. Buchanan is a
Fellow of the Epigraphic Society.
Sacerdociu los Druides (2 pp) Xesus Lopez
Pacios 15-p 153
Spanish language discussion of the Druids and their function in the Celtic
Complain "Archaeologists dragging their feet" (1 p) George Reed
author sends an extract from an article in Astronomy,
Jan. 1986: Archaeologists are reluctant to accept astronomers views re
Found Wanting (2 pp) Rollin W. Gillespie
author, a retired NASA astronomer, writes an angry protest against the views
expressed by two archaeologists in the video History
Summer Solstice Sunset at the Compass Cave (3 pp) Scott
author examines a 5 x 10 inch inscription, northernmost of all the Ogam
inscriptions in the Anubis Cave complex.
Cowries and the Midewiwin Society (10 pp) George
use of the cowry is memorialized in Winnebago and Ojibway texts, as well as
Algonquin ritual practices.
Honor of Elliot Smith & William James Perry, Founders of Diffusionist Theory
(17 pp) Gerhard Kraus
leading diffusionist discusses Grafton Elliot Smith and William James Perry,
whose theories were roundly criticized by Glyn Daniels. Biographic information
on the author, with C. E. Joel a founder of the New
Diffusionist, is given (with a photograph).
Elliot Smith (1872-1937) (2 pp) Gerhard
material on Smith with some discussion of his theories.
James Perry (1887-1949) (1 p) Gerhard
material on Perry, including some of his publications and his views on worldwide
in the Doldrums (1935-1970) (1 p) Gerhard
author discusses the fact that the diffusionism of Grafton Elliot Smith and
William James Perry and the scholars they inspired which attained world-wide
renown in 1922 and subsequent years later suffered almost total eclipse. The
death of its leaders all but killed the diffusionist movement.
Dugout Canoe Excavated in Maine (1 p) Richard Swete
nautical archaeologist reports that a 21-foot dugout canoe of European type has
been excavated in Southern Maine.
Memoriam: Henriette Mertz (1896-1985) (2 pp) Gloria
obituary notice for a diffusionist author: (Pale
Ink, The Nephtali, The Wine Dark Sea, Atlantis, Mystic Symbol). A photograph
Douglas Gilman Blizzard (1910-1986) (1 p) Mary Louise Blizzard 15-p 191
obituary notice for the author of The Ruins of Great Ireland in New England.
Johnson (1 p) Barry Fell
of the death of the noted artist who served well as art editor of the Early
Sites Research Society.
Wheel (1 p) James Graham
author sends a graphic of a small medicine wheel located south of St. Lawrence,
South Dakota and asks for comments on its use.
for artifacts (3 pp) William McGlone &
Phillip M. Leonard
authors see the archaeologists requirements for artifactual proof as too rigid.
Eruption Destroys Armero Museum (1 p) Fernando
Edgard Torres survives, but ESOP volumes in the museum were buried by volcano.
The Society will replace them.
Versus Fell (1 p) Gerhard Kraus
generally supporting the efforts of the Skeptical
Inquirer, the author takes Marshall McKusick and J. R. Cole to task for
their irresponsible criticism of Fell.
Fashion in the Third Millenium B.C. (8 pp) Ali-Akbar
discussion of the similar sartorial and tonsorial styles of Dilmun, Sumer and
the Indus Valley.
Escritura Vasca (13 pp) Imanol Agiré
Portuguese language article by the late noted lexicographer and epigrapher on
Basque, the language, its script and the resemblance of the script to Cree. The
Basque syllabary according to Fell is given. The Boticario inscription is shown
and deciphered. A photo of the author, with biographic information, is shown.
Ogam Designs: Possible Explanations (7 pp) Gloria
author, a Fellow of the Epigraphic Society, discusses short Ogam inscriptions
enclosed in ovals, circles or rectangles and gives suggestions for their
Etymology of Hittite (8 pp) Linus Brunner
Hittite seems to be an Indo-European language, nevertheless many words seem to
derive from Semitic.
of the Maori Fishing Calendar (5 pp) Barry
on the calendar, previously thought to be Libyan, are actually Batak.
Ringerike, Home Base of a Bronze Age Expedition to Ontario (9 pp) Walter Stender 15-p 239
author discusses the inscriptions at Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, relating
them to the Norwegian area of Ringerike.
Inscriptions (2 pp) Burrell Dawson, Harry
Martin, Nancy Martin & Barry Fell
authors bring to Fell’s attention some inscribed panels (photos shown) found
by Vince Yoder east of a Shoshone Cemetery, in Inyo, California. Fell replies
that the panels are inscribed in an ideographic script used by many of the
Plains and Western tribes. [Buchanan comment: I
recognize these inscriptions as some of the same ones investigated and written
about by the late Roberta Smith.]
Scripts of the Algonkians (5 pp) ShupShe
& Barry Fell
of two papers on Amerindian scripts by a scholar of the Midé Grand Medicine
Lodge. With an introduction by Barry Fell.
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